Overview

Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or respond to insulin properly.Diabetes results in high blood sugar if uncontrolled, diabetes can lead to complications that can include heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, and amputation. There are many forms of diabetes. The 2 main types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes the body loses its ability to produce insulin

  • Type 2 diabetes is a combination where the  body builds up a resistance to the action of insulin and not producing enough insulin

Pregnant women can also develop a form of diabetes known as Gestational Diabetes, which can increase the chances of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.

Prevention 

  • Practice good self management 

  • Follow your physicians recommendations

  • Follow an  appropriate eating plan 

  • Regular physical activity

  • Take prescribed medications  

  • Monitoring blood sugar levels closely 

 


Diabetes Facts You Should Know

Prevalence: In 2012, 29.1 million Americans, or 9.3% of the population had diabetes.

Undiagnosed: Of the 29.1 million, 21.0 million were diagnosed, and 8.1 million were undiagnosed.

Prevalence in Seniors: The percentage of Americans age 65 and older remains high, at 25.9%, or 11.8 million seniors (diagnosed and undiagnosed).

New Cases: 1.4 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes every year.

Deaths: Diabetes remains the 7th leading cause of death in the United States in 2010, with 69,071 death certificates listing diabetes as an underlying contributing cause of death.

 


Symptoms:

  • Urinating often

  • Feeling very thirsty

  • Feeling very hungry, even though you just ate

  • Extreme fatigue

  • Blurry vision

  • Cuts or bruises that are slow to heal

  • Weight loss- even though you're eating more

  • Tingling, pain, and/or numbness in hands/feet

 


How Do I Find Out If I Have Diabetes or Pre-Diabetes?

There are two types of glucose (blood Sugar) tests that are used to tell if you have diabetes or pre-diabetes. Both test require a fasting period.

I. Fasting Blood Glucose Test

Pre-Diabetes glucose level = 100-125 mg/dl

Diabetes glucose level = 126mg/dl or higher

II. Oral Glucose Tolerance Test

Involves a special glucose drink and a blood test done two hours later.

Normal glucose level = is 139 mg/dl or below

Pre-diabetes glucose level = 140 - 199 mg/dl

Diabetes glucose level = 200 mg/dl or above

It is normal for testing to be repeated to confirm diagnosis. Visit your doctor or healthcare professional to obtain a fasting blood test or glucose tolerance test to tell if you have diabetes or pre-diabetes. 

 

To learn more about Diabetes, please feel free to visit the American Diabetes Association webpage.